Bulgaria’s Political And Economic Developments

The republic of Bulgaria is a country located in the Central Southern part of the European continent. It ranks as the fifteenth largest in the continent with a surface territory of 110,994 square kilometer. Bulgaria shares a border with Greece and Turkey to the south, Serbia and Macedonia to the west, the Black Sea to the east and Romania to the north. Its capital city, Sofia, lies in the western area of the country. Bulgaria’s ethnic groups consist of Bulgarian, Roma, Turkish, and several others. Bulgarian is the official language. The terrain is wide-ranging, containing huge mountainous areas, plains, fertile valleys and a coastline next to the Black Sea. The country experiences climates of snowy winters and continental–mild summers and cold.

Bulgaria has a population of approximately 7.4 million people who are mainly concentrated in the administrative centers of the country’s twenty eight provinces, and are predominantly urban. Sofia is not only the capital city but it’s the largest as well. It has a population of about 1.2 million people and it is where most political and economical activities are concentrated. The economy depends heavily on local natural assets with the strongest areas being agriculture and heavy industry. Bulgaria is home to a number of the most ancient cultural artifacts in the planet and is a chronological crossroad of diverse civilizations.

Bulgaria has a parliamentary type of government where the prime minister has the highest most powerful executive position. The parliament has 209 elected members and 240 deputies who make up the national assembly. Parliament has the power to select and dismiss state ministers, including the prime minister, sanctions operation of troops abroad and exercises power over the government. It is in charge for the enactment of laws, setting up of presidential elections, declaration of war, approval of the state budget and approval of international agreements and treaties. The president of the country is directly voted for a 5-year term and has the right to one re-election. He or she serves as the head of government and commander in chief of the armed forces. The president is also the head of the Consultative Council for National Security and, whilst not capable of initiating legislation, can return a bill back to parliament for more debate. Parliament can turn over the president’s proscription with a simple majority vote.

The market in Bulgaria is free and industrialized. The private sector accounts for over 80 percent of the Gross Domestic Product. From a mainly agricultural nation with 80 percent of its inhabitants in rural areas in the year 1948, by the 1980s Bulgaria had transformed into a developed economy with technological and scientific research as its top priorities. Even though the country has continued to enjoy rapid growth of economic development in the twenty first century, it remains the country with the lowest income level in Europe with an average wage of 354 Euros per month. Major industries include the production of chemicals, extraction of and minerals metals, petroleum refinement, machinery, steel and production of vehicle components.

Take a Break in Beautiful Bulgaria

While there are many beautiful foreign destinations on this earth, few can compare to the majesty, and the rich culture of Bulgaria. This country is roughly the size of Tennessee, and shares borders with Serbia, Macedonia, Romania, Greece, and Italy. It may be small, but it is by no means overlooked. Its topography is marked with two great mountain ranges and valleys, portioning it into even smaller, magnificent areas. The Maritsa is the main river that runs through it, as well as the Dunabe. The government of Bulgaria is a Parliamentary Democracy. It boasted a population of 7,148,785 as of 2010. Its capital and largest city is Sofia.

An Unforgettable Culture:

Bulgaria’s culture has been developed over thousands of years, and like many European countries, it has many different things to offer its visitors. The Slavs and the Proto-Bulgarians that once inhabited its lands were very heavily influenced by the Thracians, Illyrians and Greeks. Some of the world’s most famous treasures were discovered at the Varna necropolis. The customs of the country are tied to antiquity, and the country’s history in the expression of Eastern Orthodox Christianity. The practice of dancing on live coals is still present in a few remote villages of the Balkan Mountains. Its most honored holidays are Christmas and Easter, again deeply trying to its Christian roots. Various rituals are still practiced, such as “Mummers,” “Laduvane,” and “Lazavurane.”

Places to go

As with any country, there is no one thing to do – no one place to go that would complete the visit. Due to Bulgaria’s rich history, there are many well-preserved and beautiful places to visit.

• The Belogradchik fortress is one of the best-preserved strongholds in the country. This fortress is naturally protected by rock formations, and was constructed when the land was still part of the roman empire. This stronghold was captured by the Ottomans in 1396, and was modified to suit their tastes. As well as this, some European elements were added when French and Italian engineers joined in the expansion.

• Another iconic destination is the Boyana Church, delightfully situated at the foot of the Vitosha Mountain in the Sofia suburb. Its most prized treasure is the 750 years-old frescoes that have stood the test of time. It portrays saints and martyrs, as many churches do. However, there are also figures of church patrons, such as the royal King Constantine and Queen Irina. These frescoes portray a remarkable peak in Eastern Christian Art.

• A final, and very profound historical destination is the Thracian Beehive Tomb in Mezek. This tomb was accidentally discovered by local residents in 1931. The tomb is covered by a formidable mound embankment, that boasts a height of 14-15 meters, and a diameter of 90 meters at its base. A large volume of articles made of gold, bronze, iron, glass and ceramics were discovered here, and are now located in museums in Sofia and Haskovo. This tomb is speculated to have been used as a temple of a heroon – a place where the cult of the godlike diseased person has been celebrated through specific religious rituals.

Whatever the reason, Bulgaria is definitely a need-to-be-experienced cultural epicenter of Europe. It has a little something to offer for everyone, and perhaps, many of its secrets are still yet to be discovered.

Poker tips for code breakers

Poker reading involves being able to discern what the other players are intending to do and what sort of cards they are dealt with. The language used in poker for reading is purely based on player mannerisms, actions, betting patterns and clever judgment. Poker players despite their level of skills, novice or pro grow their game with learning and testing. This involves taking into account the playing habits of individual opponents, about their own game and the level of skills required to play a game of choice etc. Serious poker players have the ability to pick up many vital clues and learn things while not being actually aware of doing so. Just as a shark who keeps moving, circling and watching, a poker player keeps watching and learning or they are just dead meat in this lively game of action.

A poker player should play their hands when they are dealt with reasonable pot odds. But just when one little pot is lost a poker player do not go in to orbit or slump like the Pisa Tower. Most players start the game with a basic competency level and the zeal to continue until they become winning players. However to remain a winning player it takes a lot of absorbing, learning and adapting. As a pro would describe, in order to win poker a player should be competent in situational analysis and self-control. In poker successful decision making is a result of a correct analysis of the precise situation the player is faced with. The more a player is comfortable with a situation the better their judgment is.

In order to decipher and organize relevant information, a player should first strive in discovering the data. For instance, if a player is caught in their bluff, the opponents can make use of the information profitable at a later date. Bluffing is an important tactic in poker. All poker players engage in a bit of bluffing themselves. Therefore as a keen player you should be able to discern what the other player is up to and be able to decode their bluffing strategies.

A proficient poker player is a great code breaker. Code breaking in poker means having the ability to anticipate the opponent’s next move at all times. Therefore the poker playing brain should constantly absorb information that would help in the process of arriving at reasonable conclusions. Like in football and baseball anticipation is a critical factor for winning or losing a game of poker. The ability to correctly read a situation, make the necessary moves and intercept other player’s moves is the code breaking method in playing poker to win. Tracking what the opponents do when you bet and when you check will provide you with enough codes that can be deciphered to anticipate the opponent’s next move. In poker, learning and absorbing leads to code breaking. Anticipation is the outcome of code breaking. Profitable actions are the final outcome of anticipation. It all boils down to learning when it comes to winning hard in poker.

Is Online Poker destroying our Youth??

In this mechanized world, we are fully dependent on machines. Ever since online poker sites have evolved, many people have adopted it as a part time business and with time many people are now becoming professional poker players.

However many PlaySolidPoker sites do not verify the age of the players and many underage students play poker, initially to earn little money for daily expenses, until they get so addicted that they leave their studies and make it a profession as it is easier to make money by poker games.

However, it is easier to lose the money and most people when they realize this, its too late. This has led to the development of anti-gambling community to vigorously campaign against youth gambling. Those against online poker gambling, campaign that the life of youth is being destroyed as a result.

Some of the well- debated reasons for this include,

Basic Money skills – It is believed that the youth have very little skill when it comes to financial management. Online poker allows the youth to enjoy the charm of making a lot of money in short time without much physical exertion. Hence the combination of youth and online gambling is not desired at all for their future.

Account funding – Many online poker sites such as PokerStars.it have no means of checking a participant’s credentials, such as age, education or means of income. So young students in order to meet the expenses of their education and other necessities, download the software from such sites and hence this makes them a potential gambler of future.

The Obsession of playing – It is already believed that today’s youth is obsessed with the use of Internet, computers and video games. With evolution of online poker games, this has increasingly becoming more difficult to get youth off computers. Thus youth is becoming more anti-social, and online poker is affecting health in the long run leading to obesity and other health problems due to sedentary life style.

Loss of the value of money- Most of the youngsters who earn money by gambling eventually lose the value of money, they become compulsive gamblers and even after losing all what they earn cant stop themselves from playing poker. Due to lack of social interaction with people they lose respect for relationships and value of loved ones in their lives.

Hence, it is no way suitable for youth to indulge in these activities. Despite the protest of many organizations, many online poker sited have refused to enforce any checking system for age determination of players.

In a study conducted on parental concerns about the potentially dangerous activities of children, surprisingly playing poker and other online gambling games were ranked as 13th potentially dangerous activity. Drug use was ranked 1st followed by alcohol consumption and drunk driving. However one important point that parents miss in this regard, is the addictive potential of poker games, which is as bad and dangerous as any drug abuse. As responsible parents, teacher and friends, we should try to counsel our loved ones from indulging too much into online poker games.

History Of Poker

“Poker may be a branch of psychological warfare, an art form or indeed a way of life – but it is also merely a game, in which money is simply the means of keeping score.” (Anthony Holden)

Poker, which is now the most played game in casinos all over the world, took its origin from New Orleans in 1829, as reported by English actor Joseph Crowell. It was initially played with a deck of 20 cards and 4 players. All 4 players bet, on which players’ hand is most valuable. From New Orleans, poker spreads like a virus to Mississippi, where gambling has the status of the most common pastime or hobby, and from there all over the west course. With time and depending upon the local tradition of the countries, rules and techniques of poker have changed. These days, mostly it is played on 52-card deck and number of players may also vary.

However with time many variants come into play, especially during American Civil War, like stud poker, straight, wild cards (in 1875), lowball and split-pot-poker in 1900 and community card poker games in 1925. In this era, after the World Series of Poker in 1970, tournament games were started in American casinos. Since 1980, poker has become a commonplace recreational activity and become the symbol of modern culture. However, in 1990s casino gambling and poker become centered in Atlantic City, New Jersey and Las Vegas. Due to increasing interest of common men, online poker games are now in play, and this has largely increased the number of poker players as now everyone can play the game with all the action and drama at their own convenience and timings.

Following the increased spike in popularity, new poker tours have emerged, notably the World Poker Tour and European Poker Tour, which are televised and sponsored by online poker company PokerStars, which is now also financing for Latin American Poker Tour and Asia Pacific Poker Tour, as well as other national tours.

As poker become an industry, with a huge market everywhere, this lead in 2009, to the formation of the International Federation of Poker, in Lausanne, Switzerland, which has now become the official governing body for poker and promoting the game as a Sport.

The International Federation of Poker has announced plans for two new events, “The Nations Cup”, a poker team event, and “The Table”, the invitation only IFP World Championship, featuring roughly 130 of the world’s best poker players, in an event to find the 2011 official World Champion.

Today poker is played worldwide, in all casinos. Poker strategy books are also available in market and many sites are available on Internet that guides you how to be good at poker.. Pioneers of the poker literature are believed to be Doyle Brunson and Mike Caro who wrote Super/ System and Caro’s Book of Poker Tells. It is expected that in coming years, a lot of new championships will further open doors and poker will not just be considered a game of time-pass but a PROFESSION world-wide.

Your Gateway to Balkan Peninsula

With stunning landscape and beautiful scenery defining its geographical features, Bulgaria is undoubtedly one of the most visited countries in Eastern Europe. Situated in the Balkan Peninsula, it straddles the Danubian Plain in the north down to the Rhodopes and Strandzha massifs in the south and from the coast of Black Sea in the east to Rila and Pirin mountains to the west.

Bulgaria is steeped in history as is with amazing people and beautiful scenery. Although a relatively small country, it has diverse topographical features that range from extensive lowlands and plains in the north and south-central to the rugged highlands in the west and southwest and low-lying mountain ranges in the central and rolling hills in the east central.

It lies within the crossroads between three major continents of Europe, Asia and Africa. The country often boasts of being located geographically in the southern part of the temperate climate zone and closer to the equator than it is to the North Pole. It might be a bit of exaggeration for tourism purposes. The fact is, it lies exactly in the middle of the temperate zone and therefore much closer to the North Pole than it is to the equator. Nonetheless, the country surprisingly, has a subtropical climate. This climate phenomenon is the result of the geographical features, particularly the two seas, Aegean and Black Sea, and the massive mountain ranges to the west and southwest that influences its climate condition.

Tourism in Bulgaria is one of the most vibrant in the whole of Europe considering its relative size compared to other countries in the west. In 2010, the country received a total of more than 8 million foreign visitors in or approximately one tourist for every Bulgarian citizen, boosting its tourism economy.

The country, although small and only occupies 2% of Europe’s total land area, boasts of 40,000 historical sites and monuments scattered all over, seven of which are in the official lists of UNESCO World Cultural Heritage Sites, 36 cultural reserves, 160 monasteries, and 330 museums and galleries that offer visitors a glimpse of the rich cultural history of Bulgaria. In addition to the monuments and landmarks, the country also hosts to a number of archaeological sites where prehistoric cultures of Bulgaria were uncovered. Most cities and towns in the country feature historical relics from the Bulgarian Revival period.

Due to its reputation as a major tourist destination in Eastern Europe, the country has specifically tailored its tourism programs according to types namely:

• adventure tourism
• spa and wellness tourism
• cultural tourism
• camping tourism
• congress tourism
• ecological tourism
• mountain & ski tourism
• Rural and sea tourism.

More than 30% of the country consists of mountains and highlands which are excellent for hiking and skiing especially during winter season. The mountain ranges of Balkan have excellent hiking routes while Pirin Mountains offer an excellent opportunity for skiing enthusiasts. Mount Musala, at 2,925 meters, is the highest peak in the Balkan peninsula and is located in Rila mountain ranges.

Bulgaria, in general, offers a wide range of tourism activities which make it an excellent gateway to the Balkan peninsula.

Why Party Poker is an Appealing Site to Play at

If you are looking for a website that will allow you to enjoy playing poker games, you can choose to play at Party Poker. This site offers various poker games such as Omaha, Omaha Hi/Lo, Texas Holdem poker, 7 Card Hi/Lo and 7 Card Stud games among others. This site is popular with numerous poker players today according to studies carried out by PokerPulse.com. This site usually has the most online poker games running at any one time with thousands of games being available on 24 hour 7 days a week basis.

If you are searching for a poker bonus code that you can use to make your initial deposit, you will find that this site has several bonus codes that will offer you an extra bonus for making a deposit. You can find all the bonus offers available by searching for Party Poker bonus codes using the search engine of your choice. One of the bonuses available is the additional 100 dollar bonus or 20% matching bonus for the initial deposit you make.

If you want to make a deposit for playing with real money, you should ensure that you benefit from the initial deposit bonus because your initial deposit will offer you the largest bonus. You can also play free at the site and have fun as you do so since the site usually has thousands of players playing at any given time. If you love Sit and Go tournaments, you will find a lot of these table style tournaments running all the time.

It is also appealing to play poker at this site since you can find a lot of competition that will enable you to become your best in playing poker. You can play against the most experienced poker players, who typically play the games in the evenings and during weekends. If you do not want to face fierce competition, you can choose to play in the mornings or in the afternoons. When you play in raked games at this site, you are eligible to earn party points and you can use the points to get into tournaments.

The only thing that you may not like about playing poker at Party Poker is that you may not be able to view the flop percentages of the tables. However you can view your personal percentages, which is all you may need. While playing at the site, you can play at up to 3 tables at once. The other option you have is that you can create a private table that you and your friends can use.

There are many methods that you can use to make deposits at the site including Visa, Western Union, MasterCard, NeTeller, FirePay, eChecks, money orders, cahier checks and bank drafts. The site offers twenty four hour customer support through email or a toll-free number. It is very easy to learn how to play the poker game at this site.

The Dangers of Poker Addiction

Poker may be a good game to engage in but it has its limits. Poker addiction is a condition where a gambler gets so hooked onto the game to a level that it affects his other important aspects of life like marriage life, job or even his social life. The only people a poker addict retains in his social circle are other gamblers. This is one of the most dangerous addictions, especially because of the financial risks involved

Not all poker addiction is bad to a player because in some cases, addiction motivates and keeps the player’s eye open. The desire to win a game either for the fun of it or for the money makes these players more careful; they place their bets wisely and play the game carefully. However, negative poker addiction is usually associated with desperation and greed for wins. A player may end up draining his bank accounts dry. The effects of this type of addiction are devastating.

Poker addiction may eventually result in depression. Poker players who lose several rounds in a night end up stressed and depressed for several days. As the winners celebrate and count their blessings, the losers on the other hand regret playing the game, in the first place. Persistent loses may result in total loss of a player’s savings and when this weighs down so much on a player, depression may result into dire actions like suicide. Men have jumped from roof tops to the hard grounds after miserably losing in a gamble.

Poker addiction may result into unstable marriages and even divorce. Prioritizing poker at the expense of the family and partner may result into domestic issues especially if the family does not approve of the practice. Further to that, if the family’s sole bread winner loses in a gamble, it is a blow to the whole family and it creates issues that if not handled effectively may result into constant conflicts. Some players lose all their life’s savings and plunge their families into poverty. It is for this reason that players need to keep track of the limits.

Poker in most cases has led to drug addiction and alcoholism. Poker players are known to enjoy the game alongside a few drinks to quench their beating anticipating hearts. In case of loses, the closest available stress reliever is usually alcohol and other drug. In the end, a fellow ends up with two addictions, alcohol and poker. Not only do players risk being alcohol addicts but also, they risk getting introduced to other drugs like cocaine.

Bad poker addiction may also result in social alienation of an individual. People end up valuing their game more than their social life. They neglect their friends as they may not have enough time for some other activities like playing base ball.

Also important is the risk one places to his job. Work requires ones full attention and concentration. However, poker addicts who lose miserably may spend most of the time mourning the losses they might have incurred and fail to concentrate on work and as a result fail to deliver as expected. This might land one into trouble with the employer.

Poker is a game that should be played with wisdom. Wisdom calls for right judgment and appropriate decisions. One of the decisions is the ability to call it a night and head home to clear the exhausted head.

Know What Type of Poker Player Your Opponent Is

Poker is quickly becoming one of the most popular games in the world today. Since the rise of the Internet and online casinos more people than ever before have gotten turned onto this card game. Every person that plays long enough will develop their own style. While they might have their own personal style, each player usually also falls within some set style standards. By understanding what these styles are players can develop strategies to beat them.


The first type of player to watch for is the loose player. Generally these new or inexperienced poker players and they tend to play a lot of poker hands. Even if they have a terrible hand they will keep playing hoping that they will get that one card to win. These players will play almost every hand that is dealt to them. By playing aggressively when you have fairly decent cards it’s relatively easy to beat a loose player.

Aggressive loose

These players tend to be more egotistical and will play their hands much more aggressively than the generally loose player. A person playing with this style will continue to raise the pot when they don’t have a hand worth playing. This type of poker player will almost always call any bluff and loves to talk. They are also extremely confident in their abilities. It’s best to wait until you know that you have a winning hand before attacking this type of player. If you keep calling his bets without a solid hand then you’ll just fall into their traps.


This player is almost the exact opposite of the aggressive poker player. They will fold almost every hand that comes around unless they have very strong hold cards such as Aces. Generally it’s easy to make them fold, but be careful when doing this. You want them to bet as much as possible before folding. If they don’t look like they are going to fold the chances are that they do have a good hand and you should approach it with caution.

Aggressive Tight

An aggressive tight player is usually very cocky in his approach to the game. This type of player will usually fold his cards until he gets a good hand. Once he has a good hand this poker player will play a lot like a loose player usually does. This type of poker player understands when they need to sit back and let the other poker players play and when they have the cards to get the most money from the competition. This type of poker player is hard to bluff.

These are only a few types of poker players that you might find sitting across the table from you. These types of players can be found on both live tables and online casinos. When playing poker you’re not only playing the cards dealt, but the other players at the table as well. By getting a better understanding of the people you’re playing against you can gain the upper hand.

Find more great poker strategies here.

5 Great Facts about Bulgaria That You Didn’t Know

Bulgaria is a small country that many people would have trouble locating on a map. It is one of those places that you could put in a dozen different parts of the world if you didn’t know where it really was. However, the truth is that Bulgaria is a beautiful, cozy country with a rich history and culture. It boasts many wonderful destinations and is in fact a very good choice for a vacation. If you read these five bits of information about the country, you will learn about the wonderful little vacation hot spot that you may have never even heard of.

The first and most important thing you should know about Bulgaria is where it actually is located. It is in Europe and borders the black sea to the East. South of it is Greece, and to the north is Romania. If you decide to go to Bulgaria, you can expand your vacation to many other great destinations without any problem. It is in a great part of the world that is rife with fascinating history and beautiful scenery.

Speaking of scenery, that is the second great thing about Bulgaria. It has just about everything people who love the natural world could want: tall majestic mountains, beautiful beaches, beautiful and rare animals. You could hike the Balkan Mountains one day and then take a swim in the Black Sea the next. Bringing a camera with you is one of the smartest things you can do. You will be able to amaze your friends and family for days with the pictures you’ll take.

The third wonderful fact about Bulgaria is that it has a rich and vibrant culture that you can experience while there. You can view many traditional ceremonies and traditions that are still practiced even today. One of the most spectaculars things you can see is a Mummers dance, which is men dancing in tradition garb and masks. The ritual is meant to scare away the evil spirits so that the new year can start anew. You could also visit the urban areas and discover how their ancient traditions have translated into modern times.

Another great aspect of the country is that it has a diverse and delicious culinary sampling. Some of the most amazing dishes are actually salads. Many of the small mountain villages grow their own vegetables so that all the salads are fresh and amazing. They also grow a wide variety of other vegetables which are incorporated into their dishes. Not neglecting the meat lovers, many Bulgarian dishes are made with delectable grilled meats that will have you salivating with just a smell.

The final reason that Bulgaria is a smart tourist destination is that there’s just so much to do. You can go swimming and hiking in the summer, skiing in the winter, and anything else between.

Despite its inconspicuous nature, Bulgaria is actually a great place to visit. You can go there as a romantic getaway or as a family vacation and, either way, you’re guaranteed to have a great time.